Diamonds are one of the hardest substances known to man. Although a smile carbon isotope, diamonds have quickly risen to the top of the pack as one of the most precious and valued gem stones around the world. The cost of a diamond is equally similar, and may go up to thousands of dollars, depending on the four elements of cut, clarity, colour, and carat weight of the diamond. These four elements are considered the defining criteria to look for when locating the perfect diamond.
The clarity of a diamond
Almost every diamond has its imperfections, and finding a perfect diamond devoid of any imperfections is almost impossible. However, it is possible to locate those with as few imperfections as possible, and ones that are not visible to the naked eye. A special clarity grading system is adopted to rate and determine the clarity of a diamond. This grading will indicate the level of imperfections of a diamond, or if the diamond is in fact flawless. The lessees the imperfections, the pricier the diamond. These imperfections are known as ‘inclusions’.
The cut of a diamond
This is considered to be the most important characteristic of a diamond out of the four. This is due to the fact that the right cut will determine the difference between a brilliant diamond and one which is dull. With the right cut, even diamonds with many inclusions may be given a beautiful sparkle. In the assessing of diamond jewellery Sydney, this sparkle and capacity to reflect light is known as the ‘brilliance’ of the diamond. There are specific criteria to determine the quality of the cut too, and a diamond that is cut too deep or too shallow will lack the brilliance and beauty of a perfectly cut diamond.
This refers to the weight of the diamond, and is often considered the least important of the four elements. A larger and heavier diamond may lack the beauty of a much smaller diamond, and hence the factors of clarity and cut come into play. The carat weight itself does not determine that the heavier diamonds are i fact better, but most buyers not familiar with the grading systems of diamonds often make the mistake of selecting the heaviest diamond, regardless of the other more important factors.
Colour of the diamond
In nature, diamonds can be found from a range of completely colorless to shades of yellow. However, modern science has enabled synthetic diamonds to be created in a variety of colours, such as pinks and oranges. However, where natural diamonds are concerned, diamonds tend to be the most expensive at either end of the colour spectrum (from colorless to yellow).